Historical records show that the town of Pamplona, Camarines Sur was founded in 1817; first; as a settlement in the Western Bank of Bicol River; then grew to become a Sitio called PAtong. It had its name changed to Pamplona by retired Spanish Military Officer who made his residence in this place and named it in honor of his native city in Spain-Pamplona, Capital of Basque, Province of Navarro. However, with the coming- in of the Manila Bicol railroad that traversed the municipality in the early 1900's in the town proper site was moved from the original riverside location the present Poblacion where the population was most concentrated and the living conditions were much better due to the economic benefits primarily brought by the construction of the aforesaid railroad line.
In the early '60's, construction of the Manila-South-Road was started and by mid-seventies the said national highway, renamed Maharlika Highway, was fully cemented bringing forth unfold opportunities for socio-economic improvement because the said highway also passes through the municipality. Hence, presently, the town proper of Pamplona is accessible not only by rail and road but also by water (Bicol River).
Unknown to many, the town has a unique feature in history in the form of a man-made canal which stretches from the town proper to the Danao junction (approx. 2.5 km.) wherein settlers were utilized by the Spanish Colonizers to manually excavate said canal in an attempt to connect the Pacific Ocean (by way of San Miguel Bay and the Bicol River) and the South China Sea (by the Pasacao and the Ragay Gulf) and shorten the voyage of Spanish was aborted by the Philippine Revolution of 1896 that signaled the end of Spanish domination over the Philippines which culminated with their expansion from the country in 1900 when the Americans defeated the Spaniards in the battle of Manila Bay and took over control of the Philippine government and established the foundations of a democratic form of government which to this day been widely accepted by the Filipino people.
Presently, the Municipality of Pamplona, Camarines Sur has a population of 24,098 (1990 census) with an aggregate land area of 8,060 ha. Being mainly an agricultural towns, its 17 barangay are distributed in a moderately indulating topography of rice, coconuts and upland crops. Small industries of bamboo craft have started to sprout in Brgys. Tambo, Tampadong and Burabod.
Approximately 92% of the residents of the community are basically Catholic while the remaining percentage belongs to some minor Christian sect. Like the proverbial Bikolano, aside from being religious, the people love merry making and take extra effort in getting a reason to make an occasion a time for celebration. A told, folks in the community say, Pamplona is a small town but its inhabitants have big hearts. The town, in fact, is generally peaceful.
The town has four barangay high schools distributed in four barangays (Poblacion, Veneracion, San Vicente and San Isidro). It has 11 complete elementary schools and 2 primaty schools in the same number of barangays. A technical and/or vocational schools is being planned to be constructed in Brgy. Tambo and/or Brgy. Poblacion or in both places.
The present leadership has commence the rehabilitation of old and construction of a new farm-to market roads in an effort to link all barangays to the mainstream of trade and commerce transport farm through a well planned road network that will facilitate the transport of farm inputs as well as farm products. Brgy. Pobacion now is laced with concrete roads. Even alleys have been or are being cemented. The thrust of road improvement and/or building is now being direct to the outlaying barangays. Now jeepneys have been permitted by the LTFRB to ply the Naga-Pamplona route to give Pamplonians the comfort of a continuous ride. Even the PNR has shown its concern for an economical and comfortable transportation by rehabilitating its line this year. In consultation with concerned sectors the LGU is drawing plans to rehabilitate wharfs along the Bicol River banks to arrive at a complete transportation program for the community.
Further, the Metro-Naga Development Program has chosen Pamplona as the site of medium-scale industries in the area. If this plan materializes, the socio-economic conditions of the community shall correspondingly improve and job opportunities for the residents shall improve and job opportunities for the residents shall abound.
The future of Pamplona appears bright and it is high time for its leaders to close ranks and lead the town to progress together.