Location and Land Area

Pamplona is located in the Northwestern portion of the province of Cagayan.  It is between 121º 15’ and 121º 25’ East longitude and 18º 22’ 30” and 18º 35’ 00’ North latitude.  It is bounded in the North and Northeast by Babuyan Channel and the Municipality of Sanchez Mira respectively, by the South by the province of Kalinga and on the West by the Municipality of Abulug.

The municipality is more or less 17,176 hectares in land area.

Administrative Composition

Component/Unit No.
Unit/District 2
Barangays 18
Urban growth center 3


Generally the municipality has much land to offer for Agricultural pursuits whichmeans it has a terrain that is dominantly plain except for a few places where there are forested mountains and hilly areas. The mountain ranges are found on the Southern boarders of the barangays of Abbangkeruan, Bagu, Balingit, Bidduang, Casitan, Curva, Gattu, Masi & Sta. Cruz. All the other barangays are generally plain.


Due to the changing global climatic conditions, Pamplona falls under the radius of Third Type of climate as classified under the Corona’s Classification. This type is characterized with seasons not very pronounced, relatively dry from January to April and wet during the rest of the year. The maximum rain periods are not very much pronounced with the dry season lasting from 2 to 4 months.

Specifically, the climate is monsoonal and tropical. At any rate, the municipality is partly sheltered from the Northeast Monsoon and trade winds by the Sierra Madre Mountains, but it is open to the Southeast Monsoon to frequent tropical cyclones.

Land Classification

About 58% hectares of the total land area are classified as Alienable and Disposable Land while 42% were declared as forest lands.

Soil Characteristics / Geological Condition

R Quarternary – Recent 8,670.45 50.48 Recent Alluminum, Fluviatile alluvium, composed of unsolidated clay silt, sand, gravel, cobble with occasional boulders derived  from weathering and erosion of pre- existing rocks deposited along floodplains meander cut-off oxboxlakes, river beds and banks, volley floor including coastal deposits.
N3LS Pliocene-Pleistocene 7,504.19 43.69 Hard, soft and porous reef care-reef limestone   chiefly consist of brushes of corals, mollusks,   algae and sheets. Sinkholes underground drainage and other, karst phenomena usually present in this formation
N2 Lower-Upper Miocene 1,001.36 5.83 Shale/Sandstone Trans. Extensive marine clastics composed mainly of very thick and moderately well bedded shale sandstone and siltstone sequence interbedded with well   cemented clonglomerate limestone are occasionally observed in this unit.
TOTAL 17,176 Has 100
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